South Pacific islands

Aerial view of Vava'u island group, Tonga


  • The islands of the South Pacific are a mixture of larger, continental islands such as New Zealand, and chains of smaller volcanic islands and coral atolls.
  • A number of tectonic plates meet around the edge of the Pacific Ocean and this has resulted in strings of volcanoes known as the ‘ring of fire’.
  • The habitats of the islands of the South Pacific vary greatly, from lush forests and mangroves to active volcanoes, coral reefs and arid, rocky landscapes.