South Atlantic islands

Blue Lagoon, São Tomé and Príncipe


  • The eruptions of a series of underwater volcanoes, known as the Walvis Ridge, are responsible for the creation of many islands in the South Atlantic Ocean.
  • The most isolated inhabited island in the world is located in the South Atlantic Ocean, around 2,770 kilometres from the western coast of South Africa.
  • The islands of the South Atlantic Ocean are extremely important breeding grounds for numerous species of bird, seal and sea lion.