Mediterranean Basin

Maquis vegetation on mountains in spring, France


Uniquely located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa, the Mediterranean Basin is one of the most biologically rich and complex regions on Earth (1). With almost 12,000 of its species found nowhere else, the Mediterranean Basin is considered to be one of the planet’s biodiversity ‘hotspots’, due to the region’s high level of endemism (2).

Having been occupied by humans for around eight thousand years, the Mediterranean Basin has unsurprisingly undergone dramatic alterations from the original major vegetation type of oak, deciduous and conifer forests...